the threat of Apache raids and political instablility drove ranchers out https://missions.arizona.edu/index.php/ en San Cayetano de Calabazas, Tumacácori https://missions.arizona.edu/index.php/node/22 <span>San Cayetano de Calabazas, Tumacácori</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 11:58</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Calabazas%20facade.jpg" width="1347" height="1017" alt="Photo of San Cayetano de Calabazas, Tumacácori" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Spanish Jesuits founded San Cayetano de Calabazas in 1756 after reorganizing their settlements in the wake of the 1751 Pima Revolt. Though it served many different purposes in the years between its founding and the late 19th century, Calabazas was first intended to be a “visita,” a station for visiting priests to reside as they traveled between missions throughout northern New Spain. As a visita, Calabazas was a satellite outpost associated with larger Mission Guevavi and later with Mission San José de Tumacácori, which were part of a string of missions throughout the northeastern Sonoran Desert. It is the most complete extant Spanish colonial mission district and best preserved remains of a visita in the United States.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Calabazas%20facade.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/tuma/historyculture/calabazas.htm">NPS-Calabazas</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="31.562227"> <meta property="longitude" content="-111.049316"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">31.562227, -111.049316</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/183" hreflang="en">park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/177" hreflang="en">ruins</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/140" hreflang="en">1756</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/166" hreflang="en">1786</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/513" hreflang="en">abandoned</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/514" hreflang="en">1807-30</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/515" hreflang="en">rehabilitation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/516" hreflang="en">O&#039;odham ranchers used Calabazas for their herds</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/517" hreflang="en">the mission outpost was reestablished</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/518" hreflang="en">Franciscans returned to serve the community</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/519" hreflang="en">1840s-53</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/520" hreflang="en">governor of Sonora Mr. Gándara acquired Calabazas</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/521" hreflang="en">established a hacienda where Mexicans O&#039;odham and German immigrants managed the ranch with 6000 head of cattle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/522" hreflang="en">the threat of Apache raids and political instablility drove ranchers out</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/523" hreflang="en">1856-57</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/524" hreflang="en">U.S.acquired Calabazas as part of the Gadsden Purchase</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/525" hreflang="en">the 1st regimen of Dragoons lived in the old adobe buildings and called it Camp Moore</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/526" hreflang="en">adobe chapel was made into a U.S.Customs House</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/527" hreflang="en">1864</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/528" hreflang="en">Ft.Mason was established</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/529" hreflang="en">officers briefly stayed in the adobe buildings</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/530" hreflang="en">1960</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/532" hreflang="en">volunteers capped the walls and laid a cement foundation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/533" hreflang="en">1964</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/534" hreflang="en">the land was sold to the Gulf-American Corp.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/535" hreflang="en">1971</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/536" hreflang="en">entered into the NRHP</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/537" hreflang="en">1974</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/538" hreflang="en">land donated to Arizona Hist. Soc.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/539" hreflang="en">1990</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/540" hreflang="en">incorporated to the Tumacácori National Park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/260" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/284" hreflang="en">Arizona Historical Society</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/313" hreflang="en">adobe</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 18:58:08 +0000 oia 22 at https://missions.arizona.edu