1846 https://missions.arizona.edu/index.php/ en San Geronimo de Taos https://missions.arizona.edu/index.php/es/node/35 <span>San Geronimo de Taos</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/4" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">maritzaq</span></span> <span>Tue, 06/29/2021 - 14:59</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/nm_taos_facade.jpg" width="520" height="354" alt="photo of mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The adobe homes, ceremonial kivas, archeological remains, and the ruins of an original San Geronimo de Taos and its 1850 replacement reflect this coming together of American Indian and Spanish culture. Fray Francisco de Zamora came there in 1598 to establish a mission, and 1620, the first Catholic Church in the pueblo, San Geronimo de Taos, was constructed. Reports from the period indicate that the native people of Taos resisted the building of the church and the imposition of the Catholic religion. By 1660, the native people killed the resident priest and destroyed the church. Only several years after its rebuilding, the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 began and the Taos Indians again destroyed San Geronimo and killed two other priests. By the turn of the 18th century, San Geronimo de Taos was under construction for a third time, and another replacement was constructed in the American period in the 1850s. In 1992, the Taos Pueblo was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/nm_taos_plan.gif">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/american_latino_heritage/Taos_Pueblo.html">NPS-Taos</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="36.4486"> <meta property="longitude" content="-105.5539"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">36.4486, -105.5539</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/182" hreflang="en">living church</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/171" hreflang="en">preserved</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-integrity field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Integrity</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/180" hreflang="en">good</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/80" hreflang="en">1627</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/89" hreflang="en">1640</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/726" hreflang="en">destroyed by Indians of Taos</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/96" hreflang="en">1660s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/541" hreflang="en">growth/modification</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/727" hreflang="en">church rebuilt by franciscans</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/102" hreflang="en">1680-96</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/728" hreflang="en">church falls into ruin after revolt</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/729" hreflang="en">used as stable</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/114" hreflang="en">1706-26</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/730" hreflang="en">an adobe church was built by franciscans</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/731" hreflang="en">1846</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/732" hreflang="en">church became a stronghold</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/733" hreflang="en">US troops set the roof on fire and storm the building</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/734" hreflang="en">1850</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/735" hreflang="en">new church built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/736" hreflang="en">1910-30</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/737" hreflang="en">facade altered over three times</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/738" hreflang="en">1992</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/515" hreflang="en">rehabilitation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/739" hreflang="en">UNESCO designated Taos a World Heritage Site</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/277" hreflang="en">Taos Tribal Council</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">self-guided</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/313" hreflang="en">adobe</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/369" hreflang="en">wood</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/458" hreflang="en">twin tower belfry</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/448" hreflang="en">stepped wall</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/405" hreflang="en">choir loft</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/389" hreflang="en">balcony above entrance portal</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/38" hreflang="en">kivas</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 21:57:45 +0000 oia 35 at https://missions.arizona.edu Nuestra Señora de la Bahía del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga https://missions.arizona.edu/index.php/node/47 <span>Nuestra Señora de la Bahía del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 16:08</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Mision%20Espiritu%20Santo.jpg" width="1478" height="892" alt="photo of mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>This Mission was founded by Franciscan pirests in 1722. Like the French settlement at Matagorda Bay, the Spanish fort and missions did not last long, failing to grow crops and attract the local peoples to convert. Therefore, the mission was moved in 1726 near what is today Victoria, Texas where the Tamique and Aranama peoples lived. It stayed there for 26 years, but later they moved  to what is Goliad, Texas near the bank of the San Antonio River helping protect El Camino la Bahía, a major trade route to the north and east. The settlement was initially built with jacal, or wattle-and-daub. Over time these were replaced with stone buildings. Today, this mission is mantained as part of the Goliad State Park and Historic Site.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/TX_bahia_zuniga_plan.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/elte/photosmultimedia/mission-nuestra-senora-del-espiritu-santo-de-zuniga.htm">NPS-Zúñiga</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="28.644411"> <meta property="longitude" content="-97.438718"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">28.644411, -97.438718</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/183" hreflang="en">park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/171" hreflang="en">preserved</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-integrity field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Integrity</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/180" hreflang="en">good</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/121" hreflang="en">1722</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/123" hreflang="en">1726</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/541" hreflang="en">growth/modification</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/920" hreflang="en">mission was moved near Victoria TX</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/134" hreflang="en">1749</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/921" hreflang="en">mission moved to Goliad TX</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/922" hreflang="en">1794</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/923" hreflang="en">1830</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/924" hreflang="en">mission was secularized after native people&#039;s abandonment of the site</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/873" hreflang="en">1840s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/925" hreflang="en">the mission failed in disrepair as the Roman Catholic diocese failed to get its ownership</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/731" hreflang="en">1846</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/515" hreflang="en">rehabilitation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/926" hreflang="en">The Goliad city council disposes of the mission reserving the structure and twenty acres of land for county or college buildings</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/927" hreflang="en">granted the right to carry away loose rocks</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/860" hreflang="en">1848</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/928" hreflang="en">became a female Baptist College</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/929" hreflang="en">1852</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/930" hreflang="en">started a presbyterian college for Mexicans</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/674" hreflang="en">1930s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/750" hreflang="en">reconstruction</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/931" hreflang="en">CCC rebuilt the mission</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/932" hreflang="en">1931</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/933" hreflang="en">transferred to the state to preserve it as a historical park</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/934" hreflang="en">1936-1941</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/935" hreflang="en">NPS made research for resotration</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/689" hreflang="en">1970s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/936" hreflang="en">Texas Parks and Wildlife rehabilitated structures and built exhibits</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/629" hreflang="en">1977</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/822" hreflang="en">added to the NRHP</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/558" hreflang="en">present</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/937" hreflang="en">mantained</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/278" hreflang="en">Texas Parks and Wildlife Department</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/297" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">self-guided</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/224" hreflang="en">interpretive guides</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/468" hreflang="en">bicycle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/474" hreflang="en">trail</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/362" hreflang="en">stone</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/456" hreflang="en">tower belfry</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/407" hreflang="en">clerestory</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/428" hreflang="en">lantern</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/457" hreflang="en">tower dome</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/8" hreflang="en">cattle ranching</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">convent</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 23:08:26 +0000 oia 47 at https://missions.arizona.edu