1756 https://missions.arizona.edu/ en San Xavier Mission Complex https://missions.arizona.edu/node/40 <span>San Xavier Mission Complex</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 15:21</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/acequia%20San%20Xavier%20Mission%20Complex.jpg" width="1044" height="710" alt="photo of trees" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>San Xavier Mission Complex is an archaeological site that includes the San Xavier de Horcasitas, the San Ildefonso and the Candelaria Missions. It was founded in 1745 by Father Mariano Francisco de los Dolores y Viana at the request of Indians who wanted a mission in their own area, founded on the south bank of the San Gabriel River in Feb. 1748. Drought and epidemics also plagued the missions between 1752 and 1755 and eventually drove the Spanish to move the presidio and the missions to the San Marcos River in August of 1755 to present-day New Braunfels.</p> <ul> <li>FLOOR PLAN</li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="30.6547"> <meta property="longitude" content="-97.0075"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">30.6547, -97.0075</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/187" hreflang="en">trail</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/131" hreflang="en">1747</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/133" hreflang="en">1748</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/541" hreflang="en">growth/modification</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/814" hreflang="en">construction of second settlement</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/134" hreflang="en">1749</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/815" hreflang="en">formalization of second settlement</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/816" hreflang="en">foundation of third mission Mission of Nuestra Señora de Candelaria</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/139" hreflang="en">1755</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/817" hreflang="en">missions and presidio were moved to springs along the San Marcos River</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/140" hreflang="en">1756</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/818" hreflang="en">moved again to the last site in present-day New Braunfels</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/819" hreflang="en">1967</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/820" hreflang="en">archaeological work was done by Kathleen Gilmore</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/821" hreflang="en">1973</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/822" hreflang="en">added to the NRHP</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/265" hreflang="en">private</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1" hreflang="en">acequia</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 22:21:42 +0000 oia 40 at https://missions.arizona.edu San Juan Capistrano https://missions.arizona.edu/node/48 <span>San Juan Capistrano</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 16:15</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Mission_San_Juan_Capistrano_Facade.JPG" width="2592" height="1944" alt="photo of mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Mission San Juan Capistrano was established in 1731 and underwent several building periods. The complex has the traditional plan of buildings and walls surrounding a central courtyard and includes the ruins of the second and third church, the foundations of some of the residential quarters, a convento (missionary quarters), granary foundation, well, and a residence. San Juan, a self-sufficient community established on rich farmland along the banks of the San Antonio River, supplied produce throughout the region.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/San%20Juan%20Capistrano%20facade.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/saan/planyourvisit/sanjuan.htm">NPS-San Juan</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="29.3327"> <meta property="longitude" content="-98.4553"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">29.3327, -98.4553</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/182" hreflang="en">living church</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/171" hreflang="en">preserved</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-integrity field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Integrity</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/180" hreflang="en">good</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/116" hreflang="en">1716</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/124" hreflang="en">1731</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/938" hreflang="en">growth/modif</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/939" hreflang="en">reestablished and renamed</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/140" hreflang="en">1756</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/940" hreflang="en">stone church friary and granary were completed</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/153" hreflang="en">1772</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/941" hreflang="en">attempt of construction of a new larger church</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/164" hreflang="en">1780s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/942" hreflang="en">rehab</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/943" hreflang="en">buildings in convento temporarily used as church</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/894" hreflang="en">1824</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/944" hreflang="en">building north of the friary converted into interim church</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/945" hreflang="en">this church is in use today</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/946" hreflang="en">1824-27</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/782" hreflang="en">mission secularized</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/947" hreflang="en">1858</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/948" hreflang="en">F.Bouchu comes to live at San Juan and builds a house</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/616" hreflang="en">1887</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/918" hreflang="en">preserv</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/949" hreflang="en">chapel is reroofed and repaired for services</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/761" hreflang="en">1902</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/950" hreflang="en">San Antonio preservationists obtained a 5yr lease of the chapel but nothing came out of it</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/825" hreflang="en">1909</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/951" hreflang="en">Federal relief workers reroofed mission and rebuilt unfinished walls across plaza</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/952" hreflang="en">1934 and 37</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/953" hreflang="en">HABS survey</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/655" hreflang="en">1960s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/750" hreflang="en">reconstruction</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/954" hreflang="en">hospedería Indian Quarters late colonial church and convento</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/819" hreflang="en">1967</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/955" hreflang="en">rebuilt priest&#039;s quarters and excavation led by Mardith Schuetz</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/956" hreflang="en">1967-68</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/957" hreflang="en">two-room structure using standing portions of Indian quarter&#039;s walls</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/958" hreflang="en">1969</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/592" hreflang="en">1972</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/959" hreflang="en">added to NRHP</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/239" hreflang="en">Archidiocese of San Antonio</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/297" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">self-guided</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/475" hreflang="en">train</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/472" hreflang="en">public transportation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/468" hreflang="en">bicycle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/362" hreflang="en">stone</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/463" hreflang="en">wall belfry</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/374" hreflang="en">arches</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/397" hreflang="en">buttresses</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">convent</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/31" hreflang="en">granary</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">well</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/53" hreflang="en">priest house</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 23:15:04 +0000 oia 48 at https://missions.arizona.edu San Cayetano de Calabazas, Tumacácori https://missions.arizona.edu/node/22 <span>San Cayetano de Calabazas, Tumacácori</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 11:58</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Calabazas%20facade.jpg" width="1347" height="1017" alt="Photo of San Cayetano de Calabazas, Tumacácori" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Spanish Jesuits founded San Cayetano de Calabazas in 1756 after reorganizing their settlements in the wake of the 1751 Pima Revolt. Though it served many different purposes in the years between its founding and the late 19th century, Calabazas was first intended to be a “visita,” a station for visiting priests to reside as they traveled between missions throughout northern New Spain. As a visita, Calabazas was a satellite outpost associated with larger Mission Guevavi and later with Mission San José de Tumacácori, which were part of a string of missions throughout the northeastern Sonoran Desert. It is the most complete extant Spanish colonial mission district and best preserved remains of a visita in the United States.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Calabazas%20facade.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/tuma/historyculture/calabazas.htm">NPS-Calabazas</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="31.562227"> <meta property="longitude" content="-111.049316"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">31.562227, -111.049316</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/183" hreflang="en">park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/177" hreflang="en">ruins</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/140" hreflang="en">1756</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/166" hreflang="en">1786</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/513" hreflang="en">abandoned</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/514" hreflang="en">1807-30</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/515" hreflang="en">rehabilitation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/516" hreflang="en">O&#039;odham ranchers used Calabazas for their herds</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/517" hreflang="en">the mission outpost was reestablished</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/518" hreflang="en">Franciscans returned to serve the community</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/519" hreflang="en">1840s-53</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/520" hreflang="en">governor of Sonora Mr. Gándara acquired Calabazas</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/521" hreflang="en">established a hacienda where Mexicans O&#039;odham and German immigrants managed the ranch with 6000 head of cattle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/522" hreflang="en">the threat of Apache raids and political instablility drove ranchers out</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/523" hreflang="en">1856-57</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/524" hreflang="en">U.S.acquired Calabazas as part of the Gadsden Purchase</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/525" hreflang="en">the 1st regimen of Dragoons lived in the old adobe buildings and called it Camp Moore</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/526" hreflang="en">adobe chapel was made into a U.S.Customs House</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/527" hreflang="en">1864</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/528" hreflang="en">Ft.Mason was established</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/529" hreflang="en">officers briefly stayed in the adobe buildings</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/530" hreflang="en">1960</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/532" hreflang="en">volunteers capped the walls and laid a cement foundation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/533" hreflang="en">1964</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/534" hreflang="en">the land was sold to the Gulf-American Corp.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/535" hreflang="en">1971</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/536" hreflang="en">entered into the NRHP</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/537" hreflang="en">1974</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/538" hreflang="en">land donated to Arizona Hist. Soc.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/539" hreflang="en">1990</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/540" hreflang="en">incorporated to the Tumacácori National Park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/260" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/284" hreflang="en">Arizona Historical Society</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/313" hreflang="en">adobe</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 18:58:08 +0000 oia 22 at https://missions.arizona.edu