1756 built https://missions.arizona.edu/ en Nuestra Señora de la Luz de Orcoquisa https://missions.arizona.edu/node/39 <span>Nuestra Señora de la Luz de Orcoquisa</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 15:16</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Nuestra%20Se%C3%B1ora%20de%20la%20Luz%20de%20Orcoquisac.JPG" width="356" height="469" alt="map of mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Nuestra Señora de la Luz Mission was established in 1756 on the east bank of the Trinity River near the site of present-day Wallisville in northern Chambers County. The mission and presidio complex attempted to prevent further French contact with the Orcoquiza and Bidai Indians and their neighbors. Two friars from the College of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de Zacatecas, Bruno Chavira and Marcos Satarain, presided over the mission, which was completed in 1757...In 1936 the state of Texas placed a marker on the west side of the Trinity River to denote the general location of the mission and presidio at El Orcoquisac. In 1965 and 1966, however, John V. Clay, supported by archeological excavations, established that the site was instead on the east bank of the Trinity, near Lake Miller. Almost no traces of the Spanish occupation remain.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="29.5"> <meta property="longitude" content="-95.27"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">29.5, -95.27</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/183" hreflang="en">park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/169" hreflang="en">archaeological site</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/141" hreflang="en">1756 built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/143" hreflang="en">1757</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/541" hreflang="en">growth/modification</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/803" hreflang="en">mission was moved closer to the presidio and rebuilt of timber</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/804" hreflang="en">clay and moss</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/805" hreflang="en">and roofed with palmetto</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/806" hreflang="en">the mission and presidio suffered from lack of supplies</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/148" hreflang="en">1766</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/807" hreflang="en">a hurracaine swept through and severely damaged the mission</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/808" hreflang="en">buildings were rebuilt and relocated as a result</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/149" hreflang="en">1767</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/809" hreflang="en">Marquez de Rubi and Nicolás de Lafora concluded that the mission and the presidio had little strategic importance</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/152" hreflang="en">1771</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/810" hreflang="en">El Orcoquisac was lft empty and its location was lost for many years afterward</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/679" hreflang="en">1965</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/811" hreflang="en">The site of Orcoquisac was rediscovered by John V. Clay in 1965 and was confirmed by later archaeological investigation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/812" hreflang="en">no extant structures</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/592" hreflang="en">1972</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/813" hreflang="en">added to the National Register Historical Places as part of an archaeological district</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/280" hreflang="en">Wallisville Heritage Park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/365" hreflang="en">timber</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/323" hreflang="en">clay</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/349" hreflang="en">moss</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/351" hreflang="en">palmetto</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/52" hreflang="en">presidio</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/65" hreflang="en">village</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 22:16:32 +0000 oia 39 at https://missions.arizona.edu