acueducto https://missions.arizona.edu/ en San Francisco de la Espada https://missions.arizona.edu/node/49 <span>San Francisco de la Espada</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 16:19</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/tx_espada_facade.JPG" width="664" height="827" alt="photo of mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The church is architecturally significant as physical evidence of building practices and techniques used during the Spanish colonial period. It is the least altered of all the Texas mission churches and has the only original dome of those in San Antonio. It is a unique example of the Spanish Baroque style as used by the Franciscan Fathers of the Texas frontier.The missions' need for irrigation for the crops necessitated an elaborate system of acequias, or irrigation ditches, to channel water. The Spanish constructed seven acequias, five dams, and an aqueduct, using American Indian workers. This system extended 15 miles and irrigated 3,500 acres of land. The Espada Aqueduct was constructed in 1745 by Franciscans to serve the mission lands of Espada. It is the only remaining Spanish aqueduct in the United States.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Espada%20plan.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/saan/planyourvisit/espada.htm">NPS-Espada </a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="29.3178"> <meta property="longitude" content="-98.45"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">29.3178, -98.45</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/182" hreflang="en">living church</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/175" hreflang="en">restored</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-integrity field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Integrity</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/180" hreflang="en">good</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/106" hreflang="en">1690s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/116" hreflang="en">1716</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/960" hreflang="en">growth/mod.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/961" hreflang="en">mission moved 10 miles</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/120" hreflang="en">1721</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/962" hreflang="en">moved along the Neches River</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/124" hreflang="en">1731</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/963" hreflang="en">moved to present location</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/887" hreflang="en">acequia built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">1735</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/964" hreflang="en">dam and aqueduct built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/130" hreflang="en">1745</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/965" hreflang="en">grwoth/mod.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/966" hreflang="en">convento and small chapel built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/146" hreflang="en">1762</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/967" hreflang="en">larger church built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/147" hreflang="en">1764</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/968" hreflang="en">rehab.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/969" hreflang="en">secularization gave land to locals</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/162" hreflang="en">1777</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/970" hreflang="en">2nd church torn down</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/894" hreflang="en">1824</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/971" hreflang="en">new laterals and control gates added</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/972" hreflang="en">1826-35</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/973" hreflang="en">soldiers built a round stone bastion</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/974" hreflang="en">1841</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/898" hreflang="en">preserv.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/975" hreflang="en">catholic ownership</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/976" hreflang="en">1885</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/977" hreflang="en">convento rebuilt</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/978" hreflang="en">c.1885-1907</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/979" hreflang="en">a room was remodeled to serve as general store</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/980" hreflang="en">adjoining former mission tracts were purchased</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/616" hreflang="en">1887</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/981" hreflang="en">chapel rebuilt</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/982" hreflang="en">1911</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/983" hreflang="en">chapel reopened with new roof floor and windows</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/984" hreflang="en">railroad ties as beams</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/651" hreflang="en">1915</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/985" hreflang="en">old buildings converted into schoolrooms</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/674" hreflang="en">1930s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/986" hreflang="en">stabilize ruins</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/586" hreflang="en">1937</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/987" hreflang="en">San Antonio Cons.Soc.purchased aqueduct and 6.5 surr. acres</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/988" hreflang="en">1955</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/989" hreflang="en">mission restored</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/990" hreflang="en">convento partially rebuilt</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/819" hreflang="en">1967</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/991" hreflang="en">Franciscans moved into convent</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/260" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/283" hreflang="en">Archidiocese of San Antonio</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">self-guided</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/472" hreflang="en">public transportation</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/343" hreflang="en">local stone</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/369" hreflang="en">wood</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/331" hreflang="en">fired brick</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/320" hreflang="en">cement</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/347" hreflang="en">masonry</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/450" hreflang="en">three bell espadaƱa</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/3" hreflang="en">aqueduct</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/19" hreflang="en">dam</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/25" hreflang="en">farmland</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1" hreflang="en">acequia</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 23:19:23 +0000 oia 49 at https://missions.arizona.edu