1990 https://missions.arizona.edu/ en Corpus Christi de la Ysleta del Sur (Ysleta Mission) https://missions.arizona.edu/node/25 <span>Corpus Christi de la Ysleta del Sur (Ysleta Mission)</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 12:55</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img loading="lazy" src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Ysletas_0.jpg" width="1496" height="1134" alt="photo of mission" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Ysleta Mission was constructed in 1744 in part to serve the Tigua Indian community which had fled New Mexico during the Pueblo Revolt. The site was also known by the Spaniards as Corpus Christi de la Isleta. In 1881 the Jesuits took over the church and renamed it Nuestra Señora del Monte Carmelo.The present church was constructed in 1851. Its distinctive silver-domed bell tower was added in 1897.  Fire severely damaged the structure in 1907, but it was soon repaired.</p> <ul><li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/ysleta_plan.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul></div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/El_Camino_Real_de_Tierra_Adentro/Ysleta_Mission.html">NPS-Ysleta</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="31.6912"> <meta property="longitude" content="-106.3276"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">31.6912, -106.3276</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/182" hreflang="en">living church</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/171" hreflang="en">preserved</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-integrity field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Integrity</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/180" hreflang="en">good</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/103" hreflang="en">1682</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/128" hreflang="en">1744</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/541" hreflang="en">growth/modification</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/577" hreflang="en">build third Ysleta new location</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/578" hreflang="en">1850s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/579" hreflang="en">church rebuilt</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/580" hreflang="en">1897</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/581" hreflang="en">bell tower built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/582" hreflang="en">1907-1908</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/583" hreflang="en">the church was destroyed by nature being rebuilt and gas and electricity systems installed</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/584" hreflang="en">1918</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/515" hreflang="en">rehabilitation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/585" hreflang="en">a school is established</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/586" hreflang="en">1937</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/587" hreflang="en">HABS survey conducted</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/588" hreflang="en">1940s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/589" hreflang="en">Barrio de los Indios had been incorporated into the town of Ascarate</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/590" hreflang="en">1950</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/591" hreflang="en">protective concrete belt is added and HABS reports the building has no foundations</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/592" hreflang="en">1972</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/593" hreflang="en">site enters NRHP</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/594" hreflang="en">1980</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/595" hreflang="en">parts of the building is used as auditorioum</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/596" hreflang="en">classrooms and kitchen</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/597" hreflang="en">1990 preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/598" hreflang="en">archaeologists uncovered the remains of Ysleta Jacal associated with the Mission Ysleta</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/248" hreflang="en">Conventual Franciscans</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/294" hreflang="en">Diosesis of El Paso</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">self-guided</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/325" hreflang="en">concrete</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/308" hreflang="en">cruciform</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/456" hreflang="en">tower belfry</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/457" hreflang="en">tower dome</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/407" hreflang="en">clerestory</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/404" hreflang="en">central niche</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/58" hreflang="en">school</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/24" hreflang="en">farming</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 19:55:35 +0000 oia 25 at https://missions.arizona.edu San Cayetano de Calabazas, Tumacácori https://missions.arizona.edu/node/22 <span>San Cayetano de Calabazas, Tumacácori</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 11:58</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img loading="lazy" src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Calabazas%20facade.jpg" width="1347" height="1017" alt="Photo of San Cayetano de Calabazas, Tumacácori" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Spanish Jesuits founded San Cayetano de Calabazas in 1756 after reorganizing their settlements in the wake of the 1751 Pima Revolt. Though it served many different purposes in the years between its founding and the late 19th century, Calabazas was first intended to be a “visita,” a station for visiting priests to reside as they traveled between missions throughout northern New Spain. As a visita, Calabazas was a satellite outpost associated with larger Mission Guevavi and later with Mission San José de Tumacácori, which were part of a string of missions throughout the northeastern Sonoran Desert. It is the most complete extant Spanish colonial mission district and best preserved remains of a visita in the United States.</p> <ul><li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Calabazas%20facade.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul></div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/tuma/historyculture/calabazas.htm">NPS-Calabazas</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="31.562227"> <meta property="longitude" content="-111.049316"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">31.562227, -111.049316</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/183" hreflang="en">park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/177" hreflang="en">ruins</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/140" hreflang="en">1756</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/166" hreflang="en">1786</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/513" hreflang="en">abandoned</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/514" hreflang="en">1807-30</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/515" hreflang="en">rehabilitation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/516" hreflang="en">O&#039;odham ranchers used Calabazas for their herds</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/517" hreflang="en">the mission outpost was reestablished</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/518" hreflang="en">Franciscans returned to serve the community</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/519" hreflang="en">1840s-53</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/520" hreflang="en">governor of Sonora Mr. Gándara acquired Calabazas</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/521" hreflang="en">established a hacienda where Mexicans O&#039;odham and German immigrants managed the ranch with 6000 head of cattle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/522" hreflang="en">the threat of Apache raids and political instablility drove ranchers out</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/523" hreflang="en">1856-57</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/524" hreflang="en">U.S.acquired Calabazas as part of the Gadsden Purchase</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/525" hreflang="en">the 1st regimen of Dragoons lived in the old adobe buildings and called it Camp Moore</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/526" hreflang="en">adobe chapel was made into a U.S.Customs House</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/527" hreflang="en">1864</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/528" hreflang="en">Ft.Mason was established</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/529" hreflang="en">officers briefly stayed in the adobe buildings</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/530" hreflang="en">1960</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/532" hreflang="en">volunteers capped the walls and laid a cement foundation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/533" hreflang="en">1964</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/534" hreflang="en">the land was sold to the Gulf-American Corp.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/535" hreflang="en">1971</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/536" hreflang="en">entered into the NRHP</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/537" hreflang="en">1974</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/538" hreflang="en">land donated to Arizona Hist. Soc.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/539" hreflang="en">1990</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/540" hreflang="en">incorporated to the Tumacácori National Park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/260" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/284" hreflang="en">Arizona Historical Society</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/313" hreflang="en">adobe</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 18:58:08 +0000 oia 22 at https://missions.arizona.edu Santos Ángeles de Guevavi, Guevavi Mission Ruins, Tumacácori https://missions.arizona.edu/node/26 <span>Santos Ángeles de Guevavi, Guevavi Mission Ruins, Tumacácori</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 13:03</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img loading="lazy" src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/3cGuevavi2_0.jpg" width="1500" height="761" alt="photo de mission" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Founded in 1691 by Father Eusebio Francisco Kino in the Santa Cruz Valley and abandoned in 1770. It is located 10 meters north of Nogales and the international Border. There is archaeological and historical evidence for sheep and cattle ranching, orchards, smelting and farming.</p> <ul><li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Guevav_HABS.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul></div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/tuma/historyculture/guevavi.htm">NPS-Guevavi</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="31.410097"> <meta property="longitude" content="-110.9023088"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">31.410097, -110.9023088</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/183" hreflang="en">park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/176" hreflang="en">ruinas</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/136" hreflang="en">1751</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/159" hreflang="en">1775</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/541" hreflang="en">growth/modification</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/599" hreflang="en">apache raiders attacked mission residents forcing Franciscans to move the region&#039;s head church from Guevavi to Tumacácori</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/600" hreflang="en">1930</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/601" hreflang="en">documented by HABS</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/602" hreflang="en">1968</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/603" hreflang="en">archaeologists excavated convento area noting looting holes</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/604" hreflang="en">1986-1988</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/515" hreflang="en">rehabilitation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/605" hreflang="en">Ralph and Marjorie Wingfield used the land for ranching</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/606" hreflang="en">1988-1992</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/607" hreflang="en">the Archaeological Conservancy of Albuquerque agreed to accept the donation of the mission ruins</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/539" hreflang="en">1990</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/608" hreflang="en">modification</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/609" hreflang="en">National Park Service excavated the church noting looting holes</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/610" hreflang="en">1992-present</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/611" hreflang="en">being part of the Tumacácori National Historical Park started the preservation treatments including mud-capping</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/260" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/245" hreflang="en">City of Nogales</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/282" hreflang="en">Archaeological Conservancy of Albuquerque</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/313" hreflang="en">adobe</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/368" hreflang="en">whitewashed with lime</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/350" hreflang="en">mud capping</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/61" hreflang="en">sheep and cattle ranching</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/41" hreflang="en">orchards</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/62" hreflang="en">smelting</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/24" hreflang="en">farming</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 20:03:59 +0000 oia 26 at https://missions.arizona.edu