1887 https://missions.arizona.edu/ en San Juan Capistrano https://missions.arizona.edu/node/48 <span>San Juan Capistrano</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 16:15</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Mission_San_Juan_Capistrano_Facade.JPG" width="2592" height="1944" alt="photo of mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Mission San Juan Capistrano was established in 1731 and underwent several building periods. The complex has the traditional plan of buildings and walls surrounding a central courtyard and includes the ruins of the second and third church, the foundations of some of the residential quarters, a convento (missionary quarters), granary foundation, well, and a residence. San Juan, a self-sufficient community established on rich farmland along the banks of the San Antonio River, supplied produce throughout the region.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/San%20Juan%20Capistrano%20facade.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/saan/planyourvisit/sanjuan.htm">NPS-San Juan</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="29.3327"> <meta property="longitude" content="-98.4553"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">29.3327, -98.4553</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/182" hreflang="en">living church</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/171" hreflang="en">preserved</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-integrity field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Integrity</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/180" hreflang="en">good</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/116" hreflang="en">1716</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/124" hreflang="en">1731</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/938" hreflang="en">growth/modif</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/939" hreflang="en">reestablished and renamed</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/140" hreflang="en">1756</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/940" hreflang="en">stone church friary and granary were completed</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/153" hreflang="en">1772</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/941" hreflang="en">attempt of construction of a new larger church</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/164" hreflang="en">1780s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/942" hreflang="en">rehab</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/943" hreflang="en">buildings in convento temporarily used as church</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/894" hreflang="en">1824</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/944" hreflang="en">building north of the friary converted into interim church</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/945" hreflang="en">this church is in use today</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/946" hreflang="en">1824-27</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/782" hreflang="en">mission secularized</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/947" hreflang="en">1858</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/948" hreflang="en">F.Bouchu comes to live at San Juan and builds a house</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/616" hreflang="en">1887</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/918" hreflang="en">preserv</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/949" hreflang="en">chapel is reroofed and repaired for services</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/761" hreflang="en">1902</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/950" hreflang="en">San Antonio preservationists obtained a 5yr lease of the chapel but nothing came out of it</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/825" hreflang="en">1909</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/951" hreflang="en">Federal relief workers reroofed mission and rebuilt unfinished walls across plaza</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/952" hreflang="en">1934 and 37</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/953" hreflang="en">HABS survey</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/655" hreflang="en">1960s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/750" hreflang="en">reconstruction</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/954" hreflang="en">hospedería Indian Quarters late colonial church and convento</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/819" hreflang="en">1967</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/955" hreflang="en">rebuilt priest&#039;s quarters and excavation led by Mardith Schuetz</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/956" hreflang="en">1967-68</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/957" hreflang="en">two-room structure using standing portions of Indian quarter&#039;s walls</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/958" hreflang="en">1969</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/592" hreflang="en">1972</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/959" hreflang="en">added to NRHP</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/239" hreflang="en">Archidiocese of San Antonio</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/297" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">self-guided</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/475" hreflang="en">train</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/472" hreflang="en">public transportation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/468" hreflang="en">bicycle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/362" hreflang="en">stone</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/463" hreflang="en">wall belfry</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/374" hreflang="en">arches</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/397" hreflang="en">buttresses</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">convent</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/31" hreflang="en">granary</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">well</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/53" hreflang="en">priest house</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 23:15:04 +0000 oia 48 at https://missions.arizona.edu San Francisco de la Espada https://missions.arizona.edu/node/49 <span>San Francisco de la Espada</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 16:19</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/tx_espada_facade.JPG" width="664" height="827" alt="photo of mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The church is architecturally significant as physical evidence of building practices and techniques used during the Spanish colonial period. It is the least altered of all the Texas mission churches and has the only original dome of those in San Antonio. It is a unique example of the Spanish Baroque style as used by the Franciscan Fathers of the Texas frontier.The missions' need for irrigation for the crops necessitated an elaborate system of acequias, or irrigation ditches, to channel water. The Spanish constructed seven acequias, five dams, and an aqueduct, using American Indian workers. This system extended 15 miles and irrigated 3,500 acres of land. The Espada Aqueduct was constructed in 1745 by Franciscans to serve the mission lands of Espada. It is the only remaining Spanish aqueduct in the United States.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Espada%20plan.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/saan/planyourvisit/espada.htm">NPS-Espada </a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="29.3178"> <meta property="longitude" content="-98.45"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">29.3178, -98.45</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/182" hreflang="en">living church</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/175" hreflang="en">restored</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-integrity field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Integrity</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/180" hreflang="en">good</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/106" hreflang="en">1690s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/116" hreflang="en">1716</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/960" hreflang="en">growth/mod.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/961" hreflang="en">mission moved 10 miles</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/120" hreflang="en">1721</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/962" hreflang="en">moved along the Neches River</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/124" hreflang="en">1731</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/963" hreflang="en">moved to present location</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/887" hreflang="en">acequia built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">1735</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/964" hreflang="en">dam and aqueduct built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/130" hreflang="en">1745</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/965" hreflang="en">grwoth/mod.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/966" hreflang="en">convento and small chapel built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/146" hreflang="en">1762</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/967" hreflang="en">larger church built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/147" hreflang="en">1764</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/968" hreflang="en">rehab.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/969" hreflang="en">secularization gave land to locals</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/162" hreflang="en">1777</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/970" hreflang="en">2nd church torn down</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/894" hreflang="en">1824</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/971" hreflang="en">new laterals and control gates added</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/972" hreflang="en">1826-35</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/973" hreflang="en">soldiers built a round stone bastion</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/974" hreflang="en">1841</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/898" hreflang="en">preserv.</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/975" hreflang="en">catholic ownership</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/976" hreflang="en">1885</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/977" hreflang="en">convento rebuilt</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/978" hreflang="en">c.1885-1907</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/979" hreflang="en">a room was remodeled to serve as general store</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/980" hreflang="en">adjoining former mission tracts were purchased</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/616" hreflang="en">1887</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/981" hreflang="en">chapel rebuilt</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/982" hreflang="en">1911</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/983" hreflang="en">chapel reopened with new roof floor and windows</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/984" hreflang="en">railroad ties as beams</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/651" hreflang="en">1915</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/985" hreflang="en">old buildings converted into schoolrooms</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/674" hreflang="en">1930s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/986" hreflang="en">stabilize ruins</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/586" hreflang="en">1937</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/987" hreflang="en">San Antonio Cons.Soc.purchased aqueduct and 6.5 surr. acres</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/988" hreflang="en">1955</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/989" hreflang="en">mission restored</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/990" hreflang="en">convento partially rebuilt</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/819" hreflang="en">1967</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/991" hreflang="en">Franciscans moved into convent</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/260" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/283" hreflang="en">Archidiocese of San Antonio</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">self-guided</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/472" hreflang="en">public transportation</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/343" hreflang="en">local stone</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/369" hreflang="en">wood</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/331" hreflang="en">fired brick</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/320" hreflang="en">cement</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/347" hreflang="en">masonry</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/450" hreflang="en">three bell espadaña</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/3" hreflang="en">aqueduct</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/19" hreflang="en">dam</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/25" hreflang="en">farmland</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1" hreflang="en">acequia</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 23:19:23 +0000 oia 49 at https://missions.arizona.edu Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña https://missions.arizona.edu/node/51 <span>Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 16:31</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/concepcion_facade.jpg" width="1575" height="664" alt="photo of mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Oldest mission site yet discovered in Spanish Texas, the oldest European site yet discovered in East Texas and the oldest site yet discovered known to bear the name Tejas. It served as the headquarters of the three western College of Queretaro Missions under the direction of Fray Isidro Felix Espinosa. Mission Concepción was founded in 1716 in what is now eastern Texas in the homeland of the faming Hanai Indians. Due to a lack of supplies, epidemic and the war between the French and Spanish, the Mission was moved briefly to the Austin area around 1730 and finally re-established in San Antonio in 1731 as Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña where it is now an important part of the San Antonio Missions National Historic Park. </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/saan/historyculture/conc_history1.htm">NPS-Acuña</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="29.3622"> <meta property="longitude" content="-98.4797"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">29.3622, -98.4797</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/183" hreflang="en">park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/171" hreflang="en">preserved</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-integrity field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Integrity</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/180" hreflang="en">good</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/116" hreflang="en">1716</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/120" hreflang="en">1721</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/541" hreflang="en">growth/modification</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1001" hreflang="en">moved closer to Presidio San Antonio de Bexar</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/139" hreflang="en">1755</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1002" hreflang="en">wooden structures replaced with adobe and stone</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/167" hreflang="en">1790</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1003" hreflang="en">Grist mill constructed</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/922" hreflang="en">1794</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/515" hreflang="en">rehabilitation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1004" hreflang="en">seculatization began</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1005" hreflang="en">mission lands distributed to Indians</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/892" hreflang="en">1813</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1006" hreflang="en">headquarters for Mex-Rev</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/894" hreflang="en">1824</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1007" hreflang="en">indian quarters sold</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/857" hreflang="en">1835</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1008" hreflang="en">Texas Revolutionary War Battle fought here</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1009" hreflang="en">1848ish</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1010" hreflang="en">American supply deport in Mex-Am war</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1011" hreflang="en">1855</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1012" hreflang="en">Brother Edel setup a church-owned farm</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1013" hreflang="en">1860</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1014" hreflang="en">Church and buildings turned over the Society of Mary</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1015" hreflang="en">church cleaned repaired and reopened</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/637" hreflang="en">1869</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1016" hreflang="en">farm closed</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1017" hreflang="en">church mantained</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/616" hreflang="en">1887</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1018" hreflang="en">church repaired</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1019" hreflang="en">1890</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1020" hreflang="en">church redecorated</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1021" hreflang="en">mission road realigned</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1022" hreflang="en">1911-1913</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1023" hreflang="en">Bishop Shaw relandscaped and refurbished the church and reopened</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1024" hreflang="en">orphanage built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1025" hreflang="en">1920</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1026" hreflang="en">seminary opened</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/674" hreflang="en">1930s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/750" hreflang="en">reconstruction</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1027" hreflang="en">first large-scale resotoration</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1028" hreflang="en">1934-1937</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/953" hreflang="en">HABS survey</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/679" hreflang="en">1965</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1029" hreflang="en">general restoration</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1030" hreflang="en">visitor&#039;s center built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/556" hreflang="en">1970</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/822" hreflang="en">added to the NRHP</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">San Antonio Missions National Historic Park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-partner-groups-organizatio field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Partner Groups/Organization</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/297" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-guiding-management-plan field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Guiding Management Plan</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/198" hreflang="en">self-guided</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/188" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/468" hreflang="en">bicycle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/470" hreflang="en">hike</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/472" hreflang="en">public transportation</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/339" hreflang="en">limestone</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/313" hreflang="en">adobe</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/308" hreflang="en">cruciform</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/458" hreflang="en">twin tower belfry</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/407" hreflang="en">clerestory</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/437" hreflang="en">pediment</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/60" hreflang="en">seminary</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/43" hreflang="en">orphanage</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/36" hreflang="en">indian quarters</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/27" hreflang="en">friary corridors</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1" hreflang="en">acequia</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/41" hreflang="en">orchards</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 23:31:38 +0000 oia 51 at https://missions.arizona.edu Santo Domingo https://missions.arizona.edu/node/53 <span>Santo Domingo</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 16:41</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Santo%20Domingo%20facade.jpg" width="1335" height="1001" alt="photo of mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>During much of the Spanish colonial period, Santo Domingo was an important Franciscan mission center and the ecclesiastical capital of New Mexico. A mission church erected here before 1607 by Fray Juan de Escalona, was considered one of the largest and finest in New Mexico. Pueblo Revolts turned down the first church and Fray Antonio Zamora built a new church in the mid-1700s. The 1886 flooding destroyed the church and was rebuilt again around 1895 by French Father Dumarest being the one seen today. </p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/nm_santo_domingo_plan.gif">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/route66/pueblo_of_santo_domingo_kewa_pueblo.html">NPS-Santo Domingo</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="35.5144"> <meta property="longitude" content="-106.3633"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">35.5144, -106.3633</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/210" hreflang="en">National Register of Historic Places</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/182" hreflang="en">living church</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/171" hreflang="en">preserved</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-integrity field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Integrity</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/180" hreflang="en">good</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/71" hreflang="en">1607</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/72" hreflang="en">1610</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1049" hreflang="en">spaniards designated it as the ecclesiastical headquarters for New Mexico</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1050" hreflang="en">ca.1680</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1051" hreflang="en">Pueblo Revolts burned and demolished the churches vacating the pueblo to avoid governor&#039;s reprisals</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1052" hreflang="en">ca.1692</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1053" hreflang="en">presumably the old church was repaired</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/110" hreflang="en">1700s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1054" hreflang="en">Fray Antonio Zamora built a new church</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1055" hreflang="en">at this time the pueblo had two churches side-by-side facing south</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1056" hreflang="en">the older was used for burials</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/616" hreflang="en">1887</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1057" hreflang="en">people built levees to keep the water from Río Grande away but eventually the community is forced to remove the church doors and carry out the paintings</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1058" hreflang="en">statues and anything that could be moved from the buildings</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1059" hreflang="en">the floodwaters destroyed the church as well as the cementery leaving a steep bank where the building had been</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1060" hreflang="en">1895</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1061" hreflang="en">the church was rebuilt on high ground and resembles the previous church in style and construction</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/821" hreflang="en">1973</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1062" hreflang="en">historic center of pueblo including the church is added to the NRHP</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/313" hreflang="en">adobe</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/369" hreflang="en">wood</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/363" hreflang="en">stucco</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/388" hreflang="en">balcony above entrance</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/405" hreflang="en">choir loft</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/447" hreflang="en">stepped belfry</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/445" hreflang="en">side entrance</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/48" hreflang="en">perimetral wall</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/11" hreflang="en">cementery</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 23:41:34 +0000 oia 53 at https://missions.arizona.edu San José de Tumacácori https://missions.arizona.edu/node/27 <span>San José de Tumacácori</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">oia</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/23/2021 - 13:10</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mission-photo field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Tumac%C3%A1cori%20facade.jpg" width="1398" height="1050" alt="photo de mission" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Founded by Father Kino, originally a Jesuit mission, taken over by Franciscans who rebuilt it around 1800. The mission was involved in mining, smelting, ranching, and farming activities. The national historic park has a replanted orchard and visitor center.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/sites/missions.sites.arizona.edu/files/2021-06/Tumac%C3%A1cori%20plan.jpg">FLOOR PLAN</a></li> <li>TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS</li> <li>HISTORICAL ANALYSIS</li> </ul> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-park-services-website field--type-link field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="http://www.nps.gov/tuma/index.htm">NPS-Tumacácori</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-geolocation field--type-geolocation field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Geolocation</div> <div class="field--item"><span typeof="Place"> <span property="geo" typeof="GeoCoordinates"> <meta property="latitude" content="31.5611"> <meta property="longitude" content="-111.0478"> </span> <span class="geolocation-latlng">31.5611, -111.0478</span> </span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-historical-designation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Historical Designation</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/206" hreflang="en">National Historic Landmark</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-use field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Use</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/183" hreflang="en">park</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-current-condition field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Current Condition</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/171" hreflang="en">preserved</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-chronology-of-preservation field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Chronology of Preservation Treatments</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/143" hreflang="en">1757</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/512" hreflang="en">built</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/612" hreflang="en">1800-22</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/541" hreflang="en">growth/modification</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/613" hreflang="en">built a larger domed church</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/614" hreflang="en">1860s-70s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/615" hreflang="en">beams taken from roof by Joseph King and William Lowe</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/616" hreflang="en">1887</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/617" hreflang="en">earthquake provoked a large crack in the interior west wall</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/618" hreflang="en">damaged the base of the facade columns</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/619" hreflang="en">weakened the pediment and the choir loft</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/584" hreflang="en">1918</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/515" hreflang="en">rehabilitation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/620" hreflang="en">NPS began managing the site</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/621" hreflang="en">followed the original construction techniques a close as possible and similar materials were used</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/622" hreflang="en">wooden roof added</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/623" hreflang="en">floor paved</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/624" hreflang="en">1940s-70s</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/531" hreflang="en">preservation</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/625" hreflang="en">synthetic and non-traditional materials were used to maintain existing conditions including ethyl silicate</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/626" hreflang="en">poly-vinyl acetate and portland cement</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/627" hreflang="en">1949</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/628" hreflang="en">Charles Steen and J.R. Gettens initiated a project to clean interior plasters using small whisk brooms and polyvinyl acetates</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/629" hreflang="en">1977</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/630" hreflang="en">George Chambers initiated a project to remove all non-historic materials and monitor and prevent moisture</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/568" hreflang="en">1978-present</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/631" hreflang="en">only traditional plaster is used</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-jurisdiction-ownership-man field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Jurisdiction/Ownership/Management</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/260" hreflang="en">National Park Service</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-interpretive-program field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Interpretive Program</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">self-guided</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/223" hreflang="en">guides available</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/228" hreflang="en">museum</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-site-access field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Site Access</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">private vehicle</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-building-materia field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Building Materials</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/313" hreflang="en">adobe</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/316" hreflang="en">brick</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/338" hreflang="en">lime</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/320" hreflang="en">cement</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/358" hreflang="en">plaster</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-plan-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Plan Type</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/310" hreflang="en">hall</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-principal-facade-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Principal Facade Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/456" hreflang="en">tower belfry</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/437" hreflang="en">pediment</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/405" hreflang="en">choir loft</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/407" hreflang="en">clerestory</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/410" hreflang="en">columns</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-ancillary-features field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Ancillary Features</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/41" hreflang="en">orchards</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">convent</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 23 Jun 2021 20:10:27 +0000 oia 27 at https://missions.arizona.edu